Overview of Victorian and Edwardian Design StylesVictorian and Edwardian architecture are two distinct design styles that emerged during the 19th and 20th centuries in England. The Victorian era spanned from 1837 to 1901, while the Edwardian era spanned from 1901 to 1910. The two styles differ significantly in terms of their design elements and layouts. While Victorian architecture is known for its ornate embellishments and darker color schemes, Edwardian architecture is characterized by its simpler and more spacious designs.
Characteristics of Victorian HomesVictorian homes were built during a time when ornate and decorative elements were popular. The style is characterized by a variety of design elements, including asymmetrical shapes, decorative trim, and intricate detailing. Victorian homes were often built with narrow hallways and smaller rooms, which made them feel more cramped and closed-in. The color palettes were generally darker and more moody, with rich jewel tones being popular choices. Some common elements of Victorian design include:
- Asymmetrical shapes and angles
- Vibrant and contrasting colors
- Elaborate trim and detailing
- Polychromatic brickwork or stonework
Spacious Layout of Edwardian HousesIn contrast to Victorian homes, Edwardian homes were built with a focus on openness and space. The larger footprint of these homes allowed for larger, more open floor plans that emphasized flowing spaces and natural light. The designs often incorporated more rectangular shapes with flat roofs and low-pitched hip roofs.
Importance of Larger Hallways in Edwardian HomesOne notable feature of Edwardian homes was the emphasis on larger hallways. Hallways were often seen as a transitional space, connecting one area of the home to another. These larger hallways allowed for more space to move freely from one room to another. This was a marked difference from the narrow hallways of Victorian homes, which could feel cramped and dimly lit.
Evolution of Window Sizes from Victorian to Edwardian ErasAnother notable feature of Edwardian homes was the evolution of window sizes. Victorian homes often had smaller windows to maintain privacy and protect against drafts. However, as natural light became more important in home design, the Edwardian era saw a trend toward larger windows that let in more light and provided better views of outdoor spaces.
Development of Large Front Yards for Edwardian HomesEdwardian homes were often built with larger front yards compared to Victorian homes, which were often built right up against the street. This change was partially due to advancements in transportation, which led to more automobile traffic. Homeowners in the Edwardian era wanted more distance between their homes and the road to create a sense of privacy and quiet in their living spaces.
Privacy Concerns of the Edwardian EraThe increased desire for privacy was a defining element of Edwardian architecture. In addition to larger front yards, homes were often surrounded by hedgerows or walls to create an enclosed space. This was in stark contrast to the Victorian era, which prioritized ornate decorations and ostentatious displays.
How to Incorporate Victorian or Edwardian Elements into Modern Home DesignWhile Victorian and Edwardian architecture are both distinctly different from modern home design, there are ways to incorporate elements of these styles into a contemporary home. Some tips to incorporate Victorian or Edwardian elements into modern home design include:
- Choose a color palette that reflects the era, such as rich jewel tones for Victorian or soft, muted colors for Edwardian
- Add decorative elements like crown molding or wainscoting to evoke the elegance of Victorian design
- Incorporate large, open windows to mimic the natural light and indoor/outdoor flow of Edwardian design
- Use vintage or antique furniture and accessories to add character and warmth to a modern space