Introducing Dry Lining: The European Alternative to DrywallDry lining is a widely used construction technique in Europe for wall finishes. Unlike drywall that is popular in North America, Europe prefers to use dot-and-daub method to attach gypsum panels to the mortar substrates. Dry lining is, therefore, the European alternative to drywall; it involves the use of plaster to bond gypsum panels instead of using furring strips, as is the case with drywall. While drywall has been used extensively in North America, the dry lining technique is widely preferred in Europe due to its advantages.
Understanding the Dot-and-Daub Technique for Attaching Gypsum PanelsThe dot-and-daub technique for attaching gypsum panels involves creating dots or small mounds of plaster on the wall where the gypsum panels are to be attached. Once the dots are created, the gypsum panel is pressed firmly onto the wall to allow the dots to spread across the back of the panel, creating a bond between the panel and the wall. The dots are then covered with a layer of plaster known as daub to hold the panel in place firmly. The daub is smoothed out and left to dry before the wall can be painted or decorated.
What is Gypsum and Why is it Popular in Europe for Wall Covering?Gypsum is a soft sulfate mineral that is widely used in the construction industry for wall finishes. Gypsum panels are preferred in Europe for wall coverings because of their lightweight and insulating properties. Gypsum panels are also resistant to fire and moisture, making them an excellent choice for construction in high-humidity areas. In addition to their functional properties, Gypsum panels are also popular in Europe because of their flexibility in design and aesthetic appeal.
Construction Practices in Europe Versus North America: A Comparison of Wall FinishesThe construction practices between Europe and North America differ in many ways, including the choice of wall finishes. While Europe uses dry lining for wall finishes, North America prefers drywall. Dry lining is the process of attaching gypsum panels to the wall using plaster, as explained above, while drywall uses furring strips to attach gypsum panels to the wall. The use of the dot-and-daub technique in Europe has many advantages over the use of furring strips in North America, such as better insulation and improved soundproofing.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Dot-and-Daub Method for Gypsum Panel InstallationLike any other construction technique, the dot-and-daub method for gypsum panel installation has its advantages and disadvantages. Some of the advantages include better insulation, improved soundproofing, and cost-effectiveness. The dot-and-daub method uses fewer materials compared to the furring strip method, resulting in cost savings. One disadvantage of the dot-and-daub method is that it is time-consuming and requires a high level of skill to achieve a smooth finish. The method also requires cleaning up the excess plaster and keeping the workspace tidy.
How to Install Dry Lining with Dot-and-Daub Method: Step-by-Step GuideIf you want to install dry lining with the dot-and-daub method, here is a step-by-step guide to follow:
- Clean the wall surface
- Measure the wall and cut the gypsum board to size
- Prepare the plaster by adding water, according to the package instructions
- Create dots of plaster on the wall using a plastering trowel
- Press the gypsum panel onto the plaster dots and hold it for a while until it sticks
- Once the panel is firmly in place, apply a thin layer of plaster to the surface using the trowel.
- Smooth the surface of the daub layer, using light, even strokes of the trowel.
- Let the plaster dry for 24 hours before painting or decorating