Eclecticism is a widely used approach to curriculum design that involves selecting and using different teaching methods and materials to create a well-rounded and effective learning experience. According to proponents of this approach, there are five key features of eclecticism that are essential for success:
Identify the purpose of each method individually: A successful eclectic curriculum requires a clear understanding of the purpose and goals of each method or material that is selected for use. This means carefully considering the unique strengths and weaknesses of each approach and selecting those that align with the overall learning objectives.
Be flexible in the selection method and the use of each method: Eclecticism emphasizes flexibility and adaptability in the selection and use of teaching methods and materials. This means being willing to adjust and modify teaching methods as needed to meet the needs of individual learners and to achieve the desired learning outcomes.
Ensure that each method is effective and efficient: Another key feature of eclecticism is the importance of selecting teaching methods and materials that are both effective and efficient. This means carefully evaluating the evidence regarding the effectiveness of different approaches and choosing those that are likely to produce the best results in the most efficient manner possible.
Examine the effectiveness of each method: In order to create a successful eclectic curriculum, it’s important to regularly evaluate the effectiveness of each method that is used. This means examining the outcomes of each teaching method to determine whether it is achieving the desired learning outcomes and making adjustments as needed.
Keep continuity throughout the entire curriculum: Finally, eclecticism emphasizes the need to maintain continuity and coherence throughout the entire curriculum. This means ensuring that all of the different teaching methods and materials that are selected are aligned with the overall learning objectives and that they work together to create a cohesive and effective learning experience.
By adhering to these five key features of eclecticism, educators can create a dynamic and effective curriculum that meets the needs of all learners.