Before Art Deco, the popular style was Art Nouveau. Art Nouveau emerged in the late 19th century and was a style characterized by decorative and organic forms, often inspired by nature. This style was popularized between 1880 and 1914, before World War I. It was commonly used in architecture, graphic design, and decorative arts. Some key characteristics of Art Nouveau include:
Curved lines and organic shapes, often inspired by nature
Decorative motifs such as flowers, leaves, and vines
Use of new materials and technology, such as iron and glass
Attention to detail and craftsmanship
Exploration of new color schemes, including muted pastels and metallic hues
Overall, Art Nouveau was a style that sought to break free from the more traditional design of the past and embrace a new, modern aesthetic. While it was popular for a number of years, it eventually gave way to Art Deco, with its bolder, more streamlined look and feel. Nevertheless, Art Nouveau remains an important chapter in the history of design and continues to be admired and celebrated by artists and enthusiasts to this day.