The Periclean Parthenon: A Classic Greek Design
The Maturation of the Greek Classical StyleThe Classical period of Ancient Greece is considered by many to be the pinnacle of Greek art and architecture. The period marked a refinement of design elements that had been used for centuries, resulting in a style that was grounded in precise symmetry, balance, and proportion. This period of Greek history saw the development of impressive architectural marvels that influenced cultures around the world, including the monumentally important Parthenon of Athens.
Athens’s Doric Order: An Iconic Element in Greek DesignThe Parthenon is a prime example of the Doric order of Greek temple design. This style was characterized by its use of robust and simple columns, each with a fluted shaft, a plain capital, and a rounded echinus. The columns themselves were often tapered, with a slight swelling at the midpoint known as entasis, which created the impression of stability and strength. This use of the Doric order was especially prevalent in Athens, as the city saw a proliferation of temples and public buildings constructed during the Classical period. Example of Greek Doric column:
- A thick and sturdy appearance
- Fluted shaft
- Plain and simple capital with a rounded echinus
- Tapered with entasis