Types of Walls in a HomeWhen it comes to building a home, walls form an integral part of its structure. They not only provide support to the structure but also divide the area into different rooms and spaces. Walls can be classified into various categories depending on their purpose, thickness, and construction. In this article, we will discuss the different types of walls that are commonly used in a home.
Load Bearing WallsLoad-bearing walls, also known as structural walls, support the weight of the roof and the upper floors of the building. They transmit the load to the foundation, which distributes it to the ground. These walls are constructed of thicker and denser materials such as bricks, concrete blocks, and reinforced concrete. Load-bearing walls cannot be demolished or removed without replacing them with a supporting structure. Many old homes were built using load-bearing walls and renovating them requires the expertise of a professional.
Non-Load Bearing WallsNon-load bearing walls are primarily used to divide spaces within a home. These walls do not support any weight and are not crucial to the building’s structure. They can be easily removed and relocated without affecting the integrity of the building. These walls are constructed of lighter materials such as timber, drywall, or metal framing. Non-load bearing walls are usually thinner and do not require much labor or cost to build or remove.
Cavity WallsCavity walls comprise two layers of masonry or brickwork separated by a cavity. The inner layer is the load-bearing wall, while the outer layer protects the building from weather and other external factors. The cavity serves as a barrier to water penetration and increases the thermal insulation of the building. The cavity also allows for ventilation and moisture control within the walls, preventing the growth of mold and other harmful bacteria.
Other benefits of cavity walls include:
- Increased energy efficiency
- Reduced noise transmission
- Improved fire resistance