Greek architecture has a rich history and has contributed to numerous architectural styles that we see today. One of the most distinctive features of Greek architecture is the classical orders. These orders, Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian, continue to inspire many contemporary architects and designers. Here are the three decorative styles of Greek architecture:
Doric: This is the oldest and simplest order and is characterized by its plain, sturdy columns with no base. The capital is round, and its echinus has a simple molding. The frieze is typically composed of triglyphs and metopes. Some of the famous examples of Doric architecture include Parthenon and Temple of Hephaestus.
Ionic: This order is known for its slender, elegant columns with a base. The capital is adorned with graceful scrolls or volutes that depict the nautilus shell. The frieze is typically decorated with sculptures and carvings. The Ionic order was popular during the Hellenistic period and can be seen in famous structures such as the Erechtheion and the Temple of Athena Nike.
Corinthian: This is the most decorative and ornate of the three orders. It is characterized by its tall, slender columns with an elaborate base and capital decorated with acanthus leaves. The Corinthian order is less commonly used in Greek architecture, but it can be seen in famous structures such as the Temple of Olympian Zeus in Athens and the Arch of Hadrian.
In conclusion, the three decorative styles of Greek architecture, the Doric, Ionic and Corinthian orders, continue to inspire modern architects and designers, and the influence of these orders can still be seen in contemporary architecture around the world.