Political Reforms and Social Transformation during the Victorian EraThe Victorian Era was a time of massive political reforms and social transformation. The period witnessed major changes in the way people lived as the society underwent rapid industrialization. During this time, the British Empire had expanded to its height, leading to the formation of an industrialized and capitalist society. The Victorian Era saw an end to the belief in the divine right of kings and the beginning of democracy. The Reform Acts of 1832, 1867, and 1884 helped to democratize the political system in Britain and gave voting rights to more people. Women campaigned vigorously for their own suffrage, and this eventually led to the 1918 Representation of the People Act, which gave voting rights to women over 30.
Industrial Revolution: The Key Feature of the Victorian EraThe Industrial Revolution was the defining characteristic of the Victorian Era. It began in Britain in the late 18th century and continued until the early 20th century. It transformed the economy of the country and ultimately those of other countries. The development of mechanized factories led to an increase in the production of textiles, iron, and other goods. Production became more efficient, and goods were cheaper. New machines were invented, and people began to use them to work more efficiently. This led to the creation of new jobs and the growth of wealth and economic prosperity. The industrialization also led to the creation of a working-class culture. Workers lived in cramped and dismal conditions, but they also formed a sense of social solidarity, and the growth of trade unions gave them a collective voice.
- The Industrial Revolution resulted in a massive increase in the production of goods.
- Mechanized factories were developed to produce goods more efficiently.
- New machines were invented to work more efficiently.
- New jobs were created, leading to wealth and economic prosperity.
- A working-class culture was formed, with the growth of trade unions giving workers a collective voice.