The Victorian Era: A Brief OverviewThe Victorian era is a period in British history that is marked by the reign of Queen Victoria. It is a time that spans between the years 1837 to 1901. During this time, British society underwent significant changes, including industrialization, urbanization, and social and political reforms. Victorian architecture is a reflection of these changes and is known for its ornate, intricate designs.
Characteristics of a Victorian HouseVictorian houses are characterized by their ornate, intricate designs, with features such as elaborate trim work, decorative brackets, and textured wall surfaces. They usually have steeply-pitched roofs, and some models have multiple roof surfaces. Victorian homes are often asymmetrical in design and utilize a variety of materials, including brick, stone, and wood. The most significant characteristic, however, is the use of color. Victorians were fond of using bright colors and patterns in their homes, both inside and out. This style of interior design reflected their love of ornate decoration and the recent availability of synthetic dyes that made color a more affordable luxury.
Interior Design of a Victorian HomeThe use of color in the interior design of a Victorian home is one of the most unique features of this style. Victorians used a lot of reds, blues, greens, and golds, often in intricate patterns. Stained glass windows, elaborate fireplaces, and decorative plasterwork are common features that were used to create a sense of grandeur and splendor.
Popular Victorian House StylesVictorian houses come in a variety of styles, each with its unique characteristics. The most popular styles include:
- Italianate: This style is characterized by its flat roof and large overhanging eaves. The exterior features decorative brackets and bay windows.
- Queen Anne: This style is known for its asymmetrical design and complex rooflines. The exterior features ornate trim work, bay windows, and turrets.
- Victorian Gothic: This style is characterized by its steeply pitched roof and pointed arches. The exterior features ornate trim work and stained glass windows.